Main Article Content

Shamam Ali Salih, Professor Dr. Shukriya Shadhan Al-ogaili



Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrine empathies in adult women, with characteristic features of anovulation, clinical and biochemical hyperandrogenism. The aim of the this study was to identify the relationship between psychosocial factors and BMI with PCOS in adolescent girls at Maternity Teaching Hospitals in Hilla City, Iraq (case-control study) during the period of 10th of Nov. 2023 to 15th  of Feb 2024.

Methodology: A nonprobability a purposive sample of (100) adolescent girls a case group, who return to hospital suffering from polycystic ovary syndrome. This is the study group were chosen from Maternal Consultant unite depending on the diagnosis of managing doctor. In addition (100) healthy adolescent girls (free from disease) as control group; those who visit the hospital without a history of polycystic ovary syndrome. The questionnaire form used it composed of (4) part it include demographic variables, BMI, reproductive variables, and psychosocial part it include (daily stress and anxiety)).

Results: The results with regard to BMI showes that there were statistical differences between the case group and the control group, where a high percentage of cases were overweight, in contrast to the control group (P < 0.05).

Also shows the comparison between family matters between groups, where there were slight differences that were not statistically significant for paragraphs No. (Family members exposure to serious illness, heavy duties at home, interfere of one of their family members on personal matter), relative to the value of P-value (p > 0.05). On the other hand, highly statistically significant differences were found between the two groups in paragraphs (Sudden death of close relative, found argument in family) (p < 0.05). In addition, a highly statistically significant differences in all items regarding to physical appearance, dealing with other, and anxiety scale (P<0.05).

Conclusion: BMI has effect on the development of PCOS. Women with higher BMI are at an increased risk of developing PCOS and experiencing more severe symptoms.

Psychosocial factors have an impact on the incidence of polycystic ovary syndrome. A multifaceted issue requires the attention of health care providers and researchers.


  • Encourage regular physical activity: Promote regular exercise and physical activity among adolescents to help manage weight and reduce the risk of developing polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS).

  • Provide psychological support: Offer psychological support and counseling for adolescents with PCOS, as the condition can have a significant impact on mental health and self-esteem.



Article Details

How to Cite
Professor Dr. Shukriya Shadhan Al-ogaili, S. A. S. (2024). RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PSYCHOSOCIAL FACTORS AND BMI WITH PCOS IN ADOLESCENT GIRLS (CASE-CONTROL STUDY). Obstetrics and Gynaecology Forum, 34(3s), 1859–1868. Retrieved from

Similar Articles

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.