ASSOCIATION OF TOOTH LOSS WITH HYPERTENSION - A retrospective study

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Vignesh, Dr. Shilpa Shyam

Abstract

Background: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are one of the leading causes of premature deaths among noncommunicable diseases. Hypertension increases the risk of cardiovascular events. It may result from changes in dietary quality and nutrient intake. In addition to well-known risk factors for hypertension like obesity, lack of physical activity, studies have shown independent association between tooth loss and increased blood pressure and stroke. Therefore, a study was conducted to determine the epidemiological association between tooth loss and hypertension.


Materials and method: The study population was 600 Outpatients visiting University hospital from June 2019 to March 2021. Patients with missing tooth were selected for the study. Independent variables such as age, gender etc were recorded. The data collected were tabulated in excel. Descriptive statistics and relation between variables were determined using the chi-square test, where p<0.05 was considered statistically significant.


Result; In our study we found that the prevalence of hypertension is due to an increase in the amount of tooth loss. Out of 66 completely edentulous patients, about 58 (87.8%) of them were diagnosed with hypertension. Out of 469 patients with less than 10 teeth about 184 (39.2 %) patients were diagnosed with hypertension and out of 65 patients with more than 10 teeth about 33 (50.7%) of them were diagnosed with hypertension.


Conclusion: Significant tooth loss is associated with severe hypertension among chennai population. Prevention of tooth loss is important to the overall health of the population. Thus, our study concludes, suggesting that complete edentulousness is a risk indicator for hypertension for patients who visit private dental colleges in Chennai and highlights the importance of primary care practitioner involvement in oral health promotion.

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How to Cite
Dr. Shilpa Shyam, V. (2024). ASSOCIATION OF TOOTH LOSS WITH HYPERTENSION - A retrospective study . Obstetrics and Gynaecology Forum, 34(3s), 925–931. Retrieved from http://obstetricsandgynaecologyforum.com/index.php/ogf/article/view/386
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