PREVALENCE AND SOCIODEMOGRAPHIC STATUS OF KIDNEY STONE PATIENTS IN VADODARA, GUJARAT, INDIA

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Rani Kadam, Ajit Gangawane

Abstract

Abstract


Kidney stones are a widespread health problem worldwide, including in Vadodara, Gujarat, India. Sociodemographic factors such as age, gender, socioeconomic status, and lifestyle are closely related to the prevalence of kidney stones. Understanding these relationships is critical to developing effective health interventions. This cross-sectional study used survey and clinical data to analyze the prevalence of kidney stones in different socio-demographic groups of Vadodara. Statistical analyzes were used to identify significant trends and associations between variables such as age, gender, occupation and socioeconomic status. The prevalence of kidney stones varied significantly by age group and was highest among adults aged 41–60 years before decreasing in older age groups. Prevalence was consistently higher among men than among women. Prevalence was higher in lower socioeconomic groups due to limited health care, work-related hazards, and dietary habits. Physically demanding and sedentary jobs have also been associated with an increased risk of insufficient hydration and work-related stress. This study identifies critical sociodemographic patterns that influence kidney stone prevalence in Vadodara and highlights the need for public health strategies that focus on nutrition education, equity, and workplace interventions to reduce the burden of kidney stones in vulnerable populations.


 

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How to Cite
Ajit Gangawane, R. K. (2024). PREVALENCE AND SOCIODEMOGRAPHIC STATUS OF KIDNEY STONE PATIENTS IN VADODARA, GUJARAT, INDIA. Obstetrics and Gynaecology Forum, 34(3s), 2365–2368. Retrieved from http://obstetricsandgynaecologyforum.com/index.php/ogf/article/view/708
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