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Dr. Mrs. Hema A. Dhumale, Dr. Ajinkya Bahulekar, DR. R.P. Patange


Snakebite envenomation poses a significant health threat globally, particularly in regions where venomous snakes are endemic. Despite advancements in treatment modalities, snakebites continue to result in substantial morbidity and mortality. This paper provides a comprehensive overview of snakebite envenomation, focusing on clinical management and antivenom strategies. It discusses the challenges associated with snakebite management, including accurate identification of snake species, assessment of bite severity, and timely administration of antivenom therapy. The paper outlines the objectives of optimizing treatment outcomes, reducing complications, and improving patient prognosis through evidence-based interventions.
Introduction: Snakebite envenomation remains a major public health concern, especially in rural and resource-limited areas. Venomous snakes inject a complex mixture of toxins that can lead to local tissue damage, systemic toxicity, and even death if left untreated. Despite efforts to improve snakebite management, access to effective antivenom therapy and skilled medical care remains limited in many regions. Therefore, there is a critical need to enhance our understanding of snakebite envenomation and develop strategies to improve clinical management and patient outcomes.
Background: Snakebite envenomation affects millions of people worldwide, with the highest burden observed in tropical and subtropical regions. The clinical presentation of snakebites varies depending on factors such as the species of snake, the quantity of venom injected, and the victim's individual susceptibility. Prompt recognition and appropriate management are essential to prevent complications and reduce mortality. Antivenom therapy, the mainstay of treatment for snakebite envenomation, aims to neutralize venom toxins and alleviate symptoms. However, challenges such as limited availability, variability in antivenom efficacy, and adverse reactions underscore the need for continued research and improvement in snakebite management strategies.
Objective: The objective of this paper is to provide a comprehensive overview of snakebite envenomation, focusing on clinical management and antivenom strategies. By synthesizing current evidence and guidelines, the paper aims to elucidate the challenges and opportunities in snakebite management and contribute to the development of effective interventions to improve patient outcomes.

Conclusion: Snakebite envenomation represents a significant global health challenge, particularly in regions with limited access to healthcare resources. Effective management requires a multidisciplinary approach, including rapid identification of snake species, timely administration of antivenom therapy, and supportive care to manage complications. By addressing gaps in knowledge and implementing evidence-based interventions, healthcare providers can mitigate the burden of snakebite envenomation and improve outcomes for affected individuals.

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How to Cite
DR. R.P. Patange, D. M. H. A. D. D. A. B. (2024). SNAKEBITE ENVENOMATION: CLINICAL MANAGEMENT AND ANTIVENOM STRATEGIES. Obstetrics and Gynaecology Forum, 34(3s), 653–661. Retrieved from

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